Made in Antipino
The construction of a major total-cycle oil refinery which will yield high quality oil products not only for the Urals and Siberia, but also for export is nearing completion not far from Tyumen.
Until now there has been no up-to-date major oil refinery in the Tyumen Region where most Russian oil reserves (72%) are concentrated.
By the way, nobody has been producing any high quality oil derivatives in the Trans-Urals area to this day. So, the huge market of the Urals Federal District noted for its great and stable oil-product demand at the disposal of Antipinsky Oil Refinery where construction of the third workflow phase is in full swing.
By the way, no enterprises as Antipinsky Oil Refinery have been built on Russian territory over the past 30 years. Similar production plants are being constructed by Taneko in Nizhnevartovsk, but state participates in that construction, whereas a private company is building the refinery in the settlement of Antipino, six kilometers far from Tyumen. Besides, even this year Antipinsky Oil Refinery will achieve the refining capacity of 7.5 million tons p.a., the quality of its oil products will comply with Euro-5 standard (diesel – in 2014, gasoline – in 2016), and the oil processing depth till raise up to 94% (in 2015).
Construction Site in the Vast Empty Field
Builders appeared in the field near Antipino in 2004. First, nobody supposed that they would stay for long there, they were to install the Petrofac unit bought by chance from an American company producing standard low-tonnage equipment for remote regions with the estimated capacity of 400 thousand tons of oil products p.a. and that would be all. In 2006 the unit was put into operation and the first oil products were obtained, but the workers were still there and the philosophy of the company owners changed. They came to the conclusion that small industry has no future and it is necessary to establish a large oil refinery outputting oil products of the highest quality.
Thus, the American unit acquired the status of the first workflow phase followed by others. In 2008 technical modernization of the first phased was finished and its actual capacity achieved 740 thousand tons p.a. In May 2010 the second workflow phase with the capacity of 2.75 million tons p.a. was commissioned.
The total capacity of the refinery grew up to 3.5 million tons p.a. Modernization of the second phase resulting in the increase of the aggregate capacity of the refinery to 4.2 million tons since the 2012 yearend began practically immediately.
At the same time the company acquired and repaired Antipino Railway Station. A finished product sector (FPS) was built on the adjacent territory of 15 hectares for the purpose of loading light oil products, gasoline and diesel fuel, there are also two either-direction racks making it possible to load oil products to 71 rail tankers at a time, in compliance with the Russian Railways Rules, tanks of the volume of 20 thousand cu. m. (the total volume of the refinery’s tank farm exceeds 315 thousand tons now).
The finished product sector is connected to the refinery with a pipeline with the total length of about three kilometers. The finished product sector commissioning has increased the aggregate estimated oil-loading capacity of the refinery up to 8 million tons p.a. and lessened the load on filling racks and tanks in the main area of the refinery. The empty tanks of the site will be used as intermediate what will make it possible in the perspective to enhance the reliability of operation of process facilities and raise the production efficiency of the enterprise. It should be specially mentioned that Antipinsky Oil Refinery is connected to Transneft oil trunk pipeline with the capacity of 6 million tons taking into account the development of the enterprise including its third workflow phase.
Three Final Stages
Now the third workflow phase is being built actively. It will be completed in three stages. The refinery’s capacity will grow to 7.5 million tons p.a. at the first stage (to be completed at the 2013 yearend) due to commissioning of ELOU-AT-3 unit with the capacity of 3.7 million.
In addition to that several off-site facilities will be commissioned at the first stage: the tank farm for commercial diesel fuel with the volume of 80 thousand tons, the tank farm for crude oil with the volume of 60 thousand tons, up-to-date treatment facilities completed not so long ago. New treatment facilities occupy the area of almost 11 hectares. They will make it possible to provide treatment of all industrial, rainfall, and domestic waters of the enterprise and guarantee the ecological cleanness of production. The second stage will start thereafter. Oil product quality upgrading will become its main objective: improvement of the diesel fuel quality as required by Euro-5 standards (sulfur content not exceeding 10 ppm), providing for the necessary freezing temperature and, consequently, for the production of winter and arctic diesel fuel which is in great demand in Siberia. For this purpose the diesel fuel hydrotreating unit (the licenser of which is Danish Haldor Topsoe) with hydrogen and elemental sulfur production blocks will be constructed. These works are to be completed next year.
The purpose of the third stage is to increase the oil processing depth up to 94%. It will become possible after commissioning at the 2015 yearend of a combined deferred tar carbonization unit with a fuel-oil vacuum distillation block. As a consequence, the output of diesel fuel will grow up to 50% of the total refining output. American company Foster Wheeler is the licenser of the process and the developer of the basic project. As a result the output of diesel fuel at the enterprise will swell up to 50% of the total refinery volume. Coke which is received as a result of tar carbonization and constitutes the end product, too, is in great demand in metallurgy.
In the first six months of 2016 the enterprise plans to transfer to the production of high-octane gasoline of Euro-5 standard. The reforming unit with the catalyst permanent regeneration and isomerization block made by UOP company will produce gasoline of such quality. After that plans are in place to build a vacuum gasoil hydrocracking unit, as well as the second hydrogen production unit, and several off-site facilities
. “We are gradually approaching the completion of the establishment of a modern powerful full-service refinery,” Chairman of the Board of Directors of Antipinsky Oil Refinery CJSC Dmitry Mazurov. “The volume of investment in 2010-2015 will make up USD 2 billion. This amount consists of the company resources and borrowed funds. Not so long ago we signed a multi-currency facility agreement for the total amount of up to USD 750 million. Gazprombank (Open Joint Stock Company), Raiffeisen Bank International AG and ZAO Raiffeisenbank (CJSC) jointly with Glencore International AG, Vitol S.A., Globexbank CJSC, and WestLB AG (London), as well as strategic partners of Antipinsky Oil Refinery CJSC Glencore International AG and Vitol S. A are parties to it.” Today the total area of the refinery’s territory exceeds 150 ha. In 2012 it refined some 3 million tons of oil. “Initially we focused on the Tyumen Region,” Dmitry Mazurov goes on speaking. “Today the volume of refined oil already exceeds the region’s demand. After introducing the Euro-5 quality standard half a million tons of gasoline, as well as one and a half million tons of diesel with the freezing temperature up to minus 45 degrees, will remain in the Tyumen and adjacent regions, including the Khanty-Mansi and Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Areas. Therefore, we will export 5 million tons and it accounts for two-thirds of production. It is a reliable business making it possible to think of the further development of the enterprise.”
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