For the entire world the Tyumen Region, first of all, has been the oil-and-gas brand of Russia for already fifty years and is considered to be a stronghold for exploiting the West Siberian oil-and-gas province with a high industrial and R&D potential. In addition to that it is a historically developed major educational and technological center of oil and gas studies which includes all educational establishments and research institutes of the leading companies of the industry in question. In recent years the region experiences the second wave of industrialization: active development of the whole oil and gas industry (from extracting to refinery), oil-and-gas chemistry, and other sectors is going on.
Much work is being done in the Tyumen Region so that the current and future generations know and remember the names of the pathfinders of the Tyumen oil and gas wild-land: Muravlenko, Ervie, Salmanov, and many others. The results of their activity have been of benefit to our country for already 50 years. The year 2012 in Tyumen was dedicated to 100th birthday anniversary Viktor Ivanovich Muravlenko, the first chief of Glavtyumenneftegaz, the legendary founder of the fuel and energy sector of Western Siberia, to pay tribute to his memory. Strategic plans of Viktor Muravlenko included among other things oil production in the southern area of the Tyumen Region. And just last year a new promising oil field in Uvat was discovered. Its potential is estimated at 5 million tons.
Speaking about the past-year performance it is worth noting that oilmen have produced over 7 million tons of oil in the Uvat District what is 1 million more as compared to the 2011 indices. In 2013 the crude production volume of the Uvat group is expected to grow approximately by 10% as against the previous-year indicator and amount to more than 8 million tons of oil. This growth is based on the effective application of innovative technologies, materials, and equipment which contribute to carrying out activities for balanced nature-management, enhancement of efficiency when using energy and natural resources. In particular, they make it possible in the nearest future to achieve almost 100% of associated petroleum gas utilization (though only a short time ago utilization accounted for no more than one-third) due to focusing on the implementation of generating facilities. One of such innovative projects includes the construction of gas-turbine modular power plants using associated petroleum gas at places intended for generating electric power supplied to oil fields.
Owing to SIBUR Holding in many respects oil-and-gas chemistry becomes the driving force of the regional development. The commissioning of Tobolsk-Polymer, the largest polypropylene industrial complex in Russia, will become a significant event in the current year. A petrochemical cluster capable of accelerating the development of many promising investment projects is being formed on the basis of the enterprises of SIBUR Holding located in Tobolsk. For example, those engaged in polymer recycling and release of polypropylene and polyethylene products (packaging materials, containers, household products, parts of consumer appliances, etc.). A land plot has been selected on the territory of Tobolsk petrochemical zone for construction of new enterprises, the problem of its full infrastructural maintenance is being discussed: power, gas, heat, water supply and water discharge networks will be connected to it, plus access to the nearby highway and railway station will also be provided.
Rosneft Company occupies leading positions in the oil-production industry of the region. It is implementing the project on oil-producing complex development in the Tyumen Region dealing with hard-to-extract hydrocarbon reserves in the Uvat District. The territory occupied by the Uvat project is equal to 18.3 thousand sq.m. It consists of 12 licensed sites and includes 22 oil fields 4 of which have already been commissioned: Kalchinskoe, Urnenskoe, Ust-Tegusskoe, and Temyakinskoe. In 2012 development of Yuzhno-Petyogsskoe oil field began. Uvat refers to West Siberian oil and gas province where it is extremely difficult to carry out geological exploration works and oil extraction. Difficulties arise in connection with the fact that productive strata lie at serious depth and natural climatic conditions are rather hard to work in. For instance, in winter some bogs don’t freeze complicating transportation in the region.
The investment project provides for:
- geological exploration works;
- measures on the evaluation and development of Uvat-group oil fields;
- R&D works on enhancing the production rate of depleted oil fields.
Implementation of the Uvat project in many respects determines the strategy of oil-production development in the south of the region in the years to come. Integration of available reserves into oil-field development will make it possible to enhance oil production in the southern districts of the Tyumen Region up to 10 million tons p.a. already by 2015. Moreover, this project is economically and socially effective to a great extent. It has made it possible to use oil fields more efficiently, apply the most up-to-date technologies, create jobs, swell industrial production volumes of the Tyumen Region in mechanical engineering, construction, and forestry, first and foremost.
There are favorable conditions in the region for the development of hydrocarbon refining enterprises: the proximity of raw material base; electric power plants; engineering, transport, and industrial infrastructure, substantial water resources.
Today the enterprises are functioning in the region on the basis of which modernization, industrial expansion, and construction of new high-grade refining facilities is or is to be carried out. The first group includes oil refining enterprises. It is worth noting that the rapidly developing Antipinsky Oil Refinery (Antipinsky OR) is among them. In the future it is expected to swell its refining capacities (workflow phases III and IV) to 7 million tons p.a.
Plans are in place to manufacture a wide range of high-quality oil products with an up-to-date technological configuration and refining efficiency of up to 95% compliant with Euro environmental standards, as well as to manufacture related products and materials which are in demand on the market. Looking back to the past when the refinery was established one can recollect that in the post-soviet period business refused to build large oil refineries because of huge capital investments, serious responsibility for industrial and environmental safety of enterprises. It was much easier to pump crude oil through pipes. But the businessmen of the Tyumen Region preferred to go another way: they built an oil refinery the production volumes of which were modest and the oil processing depth was low at the beginning. Investors realized in the course of time that it would be impossible to stay in the market without improvement of quality and without a technological breakthrough. Currently the enterprise is transferring to the up-to-date world standards of its products. One should remember that over the entire history of modern Russia two major refineries have been built, and Antipinsky OR is one of them.
Oil refining enterprises referred to the second group of process industries are represented by the sector’s leader, Tobolsk-Neftekhim LLC. The main area of its industrial activity is a complex refining of light crude hydrocarbons, the broad fraction of light hydrocarbons.
Quite a few industrial enterprises release products for the oil and gas sector. Such acknowledged world leaders as Schlumberger, Bentec, Baker Hughes, Dina Energetics, as well as major regional enterprises Sibneftemash, Neftemash, Gazturboservis etc. are among them.
Good dynamical development can be seen in the oil and gas servicing, as well. In 2013 several major investors in this area will enter final straight. Thus, American oil-servicing company Baker Hughes is organizing the production of cables and of well-completion equipment for which most up-to-date technologies will be used. The volume of investments amounts to more than 1.5 billion rubles. The enterprise plans to produce about 8 thousand kilometers of oil submersible cable annually. Some 200 jobs will be created. Today Baker Hughes considers a possibility of building the second phase of production facilities and establishment of a training center. Whereas Dina Energetics is completing the construction of a plant producing perforating cumulative charges and special-purpose detonating cables in Nizhnetavdinsky District. It is planned to create up to 60 jobs at the new enterprise in case of one-shift work and up to 100 jobs in case of two-shift work. The total investment volume is estimated at 720 million rubles.
Positions of the Tyumen Region in the fuel and energy sector are still strong. In recent years a multi-sector diversified industrial complex has been created for the development of which innovation technologies are fundamental, first and foremost. These achievements condition further prospects of regional development in many respects.